Training for asylum seekers from Afghanistan
Asylum seekers from Afghanistan, who are still waiting for the decision on their asylum application can immediately apply to job-related language courses, get involved in job search, or get help for future training. This was decided by Federal Minister of Labor Andrea Nahles (SPD) according to information from the Süddeutsche Zeitung. There had been a dispute with the German Minister of the Interior, Thomas de Maizière (CDU) about the question when the Federal Employment Agency (BA) should open up integration courses and aid for Afghan asylum seekers. Actually, the federal government was in agreement: Also those asylum seekers should benefit from measures for integration, who are "expected to be legally and permanently residents".
However, this so-called good perspective of residence is only approved if more than 50 per cent of the asylum decisions have already been positive for fugitives from the country of origin. This was the case for Afghanistan in the relevant second half of 2016; The protection rate was 57 percent. Nevertheless, the Ministry of the Interior did not want to accept the status of "good perspectives for residence" for Afghan asylum seekers. The reason is that the named quota is only positive because it contains many old procedures with a particularly high protection rate. These did not form the cross-section of the applicants.
In the Ministry of Labor points out that it is problematic not only for asylum seekers, but also for the citizens, if people live here "without being able to communicate properly and to enjoy social participation". Without offers for language acquisition, integration, day-to-day work, and a prospect of self-care, there is a risk that "parallel structures will form and the victims will in the worst case slip into criminal activities". Moreover, it is to be assumed that the Afghans remain in Germany anyway because of the recent deportation stop.
About 30,000 asylum seekers from Afghanistan are affected. In a letter to de Maizière, Nahles has now announced that "no longer valuable time will be lost". The Minister has therefore urged that Afghan asylum seekers at least in their area of responsibility benefit from integration measures in the second half of 2017.